Volume 24 / 2007
Autors: Gheorghe ZAMAN, Zizi GOSCHIN, Aniela DANCIUAbstract. The present paper is approaching the energy efficiency topic from the viewpoint of its trends and influence factors, in the context of requirements, criteria and principles of sustainable development. Energy efficiency is measured as ratio of GDP and energy use and its multiple factors of influence are considered. With a view to deducing some conclusions of theoretical-methodological but also of practical-applicative character, we are researching the variation in energy efficiency in European Union, but also in the case of new candidates and other countries, by means of multifactor econometric modeling. Key words: energy efficiency, piecewise linear regression, energy consumption JEL Classification: C21; C25; Q43.
ON A CARRIAGE TOWARDS EUROPE. THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE ELI'S EASTERN ENLARGEMENT FOR AGRICULTURAL POLICY - THE ROMANIAN PERSPECTIVE. THE EASTERN ENLARGEMENT OF THE EU
Autors: Frank BÖNKER, Luana MARTINAbstract. Restraining the broad area of the challenges raised by the Eastern Enlargement of the European Union only to the agricultural coordinates and only to the Romanian case, the aim of this paper is mainly to depict the context and to attempt to explain the more or less blurry colors of the Romanian agricultural panorama. The inevitable change, an adoption of new models, new methods, a different approach to the agricultural field will for sure cast a different light on the whole Romanian picture. But this is more than just a matter of time, and European aid, it is still a matter of effort and of restructuring, not only of the agriculture itself, but also of the social sphere. The perspective is evolving in a chronological manner, analyzing first the changes made in Romanian agriculture after 1989, describing than the level of Romanian agriculture during the first enlargement wave, explaining the present economic and social conditions as an outcome of a long and slow period of transition, and, in the end, trying to identify some future trends and some future challenges the Romanian agriculture and rural economy shall face. Key words: Eastern Enlargement, agricultural coordinates, restructuring coordinates, land tenure pattern, rural area, farms' structure JEL Classification: Q18; N54
Authors: Constantin CIUTACU, Luminita CHIVU, John HURLEYAbstract. This paper deals with demographic trends in Romania and their influence on the labour market. In this context, unemployment and emigration are factors that play a significant role in the economy. The decline in employment weakens the social security system as employers and employees have to pay greater contributions. Also, the diminution in workforce and in the number of people in paid employment and the shortage of professionals working in specialized fields of health and education are issues requiring urgent clarification. Key words: Mobility, Demographic Economics, Particular Labour, Markets, unemployment JEL Classification: J6, J8
Authors: Steliana SANDU, Mag. Michael DINGESAbstract. This paper is based on the Romania country review, produced as internal working papers for the research project "Monitoring and analysis of policies and public financing instruments conducive to higher levels of R&D investment". The aim of the project is to serve as support for policy developments in Europe, notably in the framework of CREST activities". It is running by a consortium of 7 partners:
UNU-MERIT (The Netherlands), consortium leader Technopolis (The Netherlands) PREST - University of Manchester (United Kingdom) ZEW (Germany) Joanneum Research (Austria) Wiseguys Ltd. (United Kingdom) and INTRASOFT International (Luxembourg). Each country review provides expert's view on the policy mix and its is to provide an exploratory analysis of the current policy mixes in place and detect the most important areas of interactions between instruments as well as new modes of policy governance that are particularly adapted (or detrimental) for the building of policy mixes. Key words: R&D policy mix, direct and indirect instruments, interactions. JEL Classification: O32,O38